Brain health and cognitive function are two of the neurological consequences of having a large belly.

Extra abdominal or visceral fat can harm brain health and cognitive performance. Abdominal obesity has neurological effects:

Excess belly fat increases the likelihood of cognitive decline and impairment, including dementia and Alzheimer's disease. 

Abdominal obesity alters brain structure and function. Extra visceral fat alters brain volume, especially in memory, learning, and executive function areas. 

Chronic low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress in abdominal obesity can damage brain health. 

Hormone Dysregulation: Excess belly fat can disrupt appetite, metabolism, and stress hormones. Cortisol and leptin resistance can damage brain health and cognitive function, increasing the likelihood of cognitive decline and neurodegenerative disorders.

Excess belly fat promotes arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis, reducing cerebral blood flow. 

In conclusion, abdominal obesity can harm brain health and cognitive performance through inflammation, insulin resistance, hormone dysregulation, sleep disruption, and lower brain blood flow. 

 Lifestyle changes including regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and proper sleep may help manage abdominal obesity and improve brain health.

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