The Effects of Obesity on Male and Female Fertility.(Part-1)

Obesity affects male and female fertility. Hormonal abnormalities, reproductive organ disturbances, and reproductive difficulties are among these impacts. Here's how obesity impacts male and female fertility:

Menstrual Disorders: Due to hormonal abnormalities, especially high insulin and androgen levels, obesity can cause irregular menstrual periods. 

PCOS, a prevalent hormonal condition in women, is significantly linked to obesity. PCOS can cause irregular periods, anovulation, and ovarian cysts, which can reduce fertility.

Insulin Resistance: Obesity can cause insulin resistance and androgen overproduction. Insulin resistance impairs ovarian function and fertility.

Chronic inflammation from adipose tissue can damage the ovaries and impede reproduction.

Pregnancy complications: Gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and labor issues are more likely in obese women. These issues affect maternal and fetal health.

Obesity lowers testosterone and raises estrogen. Hormonal abnormalities can impact sperm quality and production.

Impaired Sperm Function: Obesity reduces sperm motility and increases DNA breakage. These factors can cause male infertility.

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